Helpful Glossary of scientific terms for the Biocell Collagen website


There is a great deal of science behind BioCell Collagen. It can all sound a bit complicated, so we've created a glossary to help.
I am a regular user of BioCell Collagen, and ever since I started using your product I began receiving comments from my peers about how much younger I look. I used to suffer from dry and sensitive skin, but I no longer need my daily skin moisturizer. Thanks for your product, I now look and feel younger.
Scottsdale, AZ


This cartilage is specific to the synovial joint, a joint which is the most common in the body. Its major components include collagen type II, HA, and chondroitin sulfate.

It is defined as a proportion of the nutrient that is digested, absorbed and metabolized. Bioavailability should be regarded as a more important issue than how much a nutrient is present in a dietary supplement because the nutrient must be absorbed and available at the site of action.

The only resident cells in the articular cartilage. They produce all molecules essential for the cartilage structure.

A type of mucopolysaccharides called GAG (glycosaminoglycan), which is essential for the structure and function of the connective tissue. It provides cushion and resistance to external forces.

The most predominant protein in the body. A number of different types of collagen have been discovered among which type I/III and type II are the major types for the skin dermis and for the articular cartilage, respectively.

A type of tissues found in the body and its function is connecting (gluing) other tissues and organs.

They include HA, chondroitin sulfate, and dermatan sulfate and are embedded into collagen fibrillar network of the skin dermis.

A type of mucopolysaccharides called GAG (glycosaminoglycan), which is essential for the structure and function of the connective tissue. It provides hydration and lubrication by retaining water molecules.

Normally collagen exists as macromolecules which molecular weight ranges 200 to 300 kDa with poor solubility and bioavailability. By a hydrolysis process, its size becomes much smaller for better absorption and higher bioavailability.

Aging process associated with one’s age. Also called chronological aging.

Aging process associated with the chronic exposure of the body to sunlight. UV light is known to accelerate natural aging process by breaking down collagen and HA.

The skin is the largest organ in the body. The dermis layer consists of the connective tissue and the most important in youthful appearance. The connective tissue in the dermis contains collagen type I/III, elastin, and HA etc.

Together with the articular cartilage, the synovial fluid characterizes the synovial joint which is involved with our physical motions. HA is the major lubricating substance in the fluid.

The most common and active joint in the body.

Search form